Fire & Life safety in buildings
The capital of India with its ever-increasing population in far-flung colonies & crowded localities and unplanned growth has always been a city with heavy fire risk. The risk has now been further increased with the expansion of industries and construction of high-rise buildings in the National Capital Territory of Delhi.
Many of the high-rise buildings in the Delhi have not yet been provided within built fire fighting arrangements, which are considered to be very essential from fire safety point of view. To ensure safety of such buildings and their occupants, the Building Bye-laws were adopted and duly notified by the Delhi Administration of 23rd June 1983. The Building Bye-laws are further being up-dated.
The Delhi Fire Prevention and Fire Safety Act, 1986 was notified by the Government of India December,1986 and rules framed thereunder were in force from 2nd March, 1987 until July 2, 2010.
However, the said Delhi Fire Service Prevention & Fire Safety Act 1986 and Rules 1987 stand repeated by a more exhausted act called Delhi Fire Service Act 2007 (Delhi Act 2 of 2009) and Delhi Fire Service Rules 2010 notified respectively.
Issue of Fire Safety guidelines-fire prevention wing :
The Delhi Fire Service issues fire safety guidelines to the various agencies for which the cases are to be referred to Director, Delhi Fire Service through the building authorities concerned or licensing authorities in line with the bldg. by laws/ National Building Code of India 2005.
In case of buildings notified under Delhi Fire Service Act a questionnaire has to be filled & submitted by the architect along with the plans. In order to avoid inconvenience all the information required in the questionnaire should be properly indicated. The fire safety guidelines are generally issued within two weeks from the date of receipt of request if the relevant information is correctly provided. The public is also advised to submit 3 sets of plans along with the duly filled in questionnaire and the building model.
The fire prevention wing is headed by a Chief Fire Officer.
Issue of No Objection Certificate:
Once the guidelines have been issued by the fire department the application for obtaining no objection certificate may be submitted to the Director by the builder/owner of the premises.
The owners/builders are further advised to ensure the compliance of all the fire safety guidelines before the approach the Director for No Objection Certificate. No inspection fee is levied by the fire service for such inspection or issue of NOCs. In case of any difficulty the matter should be reported to the Chief Fire Officer or the Director. The Director or Chief Fire Officer may also be contacted in case there is a delay in carrying out the inspection or issue of fire safety guidelines, or issue of NOC after the inspection has been carried out etc.