Fire Fighting Sectional Committee, CED 22 of BIS is engaged in formulation of Indian Standards on Fire Fighting equipments/extinguishers using water, carbon dioxide, foam, dry powder and halon as extinguishing agents. In view of the phasing out of halons as per Montreal Protocol, BIS has recently published various standards on halon alternatives. These are intended for use by the Fire brigades and other organizations. BIS has formulated more than 100 standards on fire fighting including standards on various type of fire tenders, fire engines, trailer pumps, high capacity portable pump sets etc.
Modern forest fire techniques in the suppression of fires are being introduced in the country. Some of the important equipments which are required are relating to hand tools, water handling equipment etc. On the request of Ministry of Environment and Forest, Indian Standards covering specification for some of the important tools have been formulated so that on the basis of the same, these could be indigenously manufactured in the country and also users could procure these tools of proper specification.
Safety of the occupants of the buildings is the fundamental requirement that the owner and theprofessionals involved endeavor to achieve. Fire Safety Sectional Committee, CED 36 of BIS has formulated a series of Indian Standards pertaining to General requirements and specific to various buildings & industries. Some of the important standards formulated by this Committee are as follows,
National Building Code (Part 4) – Fire Protection
As a major development, BIS has published NBC (Part 4) Fire Protection which includes comprehensive recommendation of minimum standards of fire protection. It specifies the demarcation of fire zones, restrictions on construction of buildings in each fire zone, classification of buildings based on occupancy, types of building construction according to fire resistance of the structural and nonstructural components and other restrictions and requirements necessary to minimize danger to life from fire, smoke, fumes or panic before the building can be evacuated. The Code recognizes that safety of life is more than a matter of means of exits and accordingly deals with various matters which are considered essential to the safety of life.