(1) General: The planning design and construction of any building shall be such as to ensure safety from fire and the provisions of Part-IV; Fire Protection Chapter of National Building Code shall apply.
For multi-storeyed, high rise buildings, the approach to the building and open spaces on all sides up to 6 m width and their layout shall conform to the requirements of the Chief Fire Officer. They shall be capable of taking the weight of a fire engine weighing up to 18 tonnes. These open spaces shall be free of any obstruction and shall be motorable.
(2)(ii) Exits: Every building meant for human occupancy shall be provided with exits (horizontal or vertical) sufficient to permit safe escape of its occupants in case of fire or other emergency. Exits shall:
- provide continuous egress to the exterior of the building or to an exterior open space leading to the street;
be so arranged that, except in a residential building, they can be reached without having to cross another occupied unit;
- be free of obstruction;
- be adequately illuminated;
- be clearly visible, with the routes reaching them clearly marked and signs posted to guide any person to the floor concerned;
- be fitted, if necessary, with fire fighting equipment suitably located but not as to obstruct the passage, clearly marked and with its location clearly indicated on both sides of the exit way;
- be fitted with a fire alarm device, if it is either a multi-storeyed, high-use or a special building so as to ensure its prompt evacuation;
- remain unaffected by any alteration of any part of the building so far as their number, width, capacity and protection thereof is concerned;
- be so located that the travel distance on the floor does not exceed 22.5 m (for residential, educational, institutional and hazardous occupancies) and 30 m (for Assembly, business, mercantile, industrial and storage buildings) more..